An essay on spartan war and the phalanx

Going into battle, a Spartan soldier, or hoplite, wore a large bronze helmet, breastplate and ankle guards, and carried a round shield made of bronze and wood, a long spear and sword.

Married couples typically lived apart, as men under 30 were required to continue residing in communal barracks. The Peloponnesian Wars were most likely the most important wars of Sparta. No civilization could surpass the greatness of the Spartan army or navy.

Even with this victory, cracks in Sparta society was leading the down the path of destruction. Tegea, a powerful Arcadia city, was next on the list for conquering.

Athens was starting to gain more control over the Spartan empire after some trouble. This war song, called a paian, was also used to promote organization in the marching army so that all soldiers would march with an even step.

Spartan Warfare

Before this new strategy, foot soldiers known as hoplites engaged in battle in the form of one mob for each army which on the command of their generals runs at each other and proceeds to hack blindly at the enemy with little to no direction other then to kill the enemy in front of them.

Leondias learned of this treachery and sent away the other Greeks but he stayed there along with his men. The standard rate of pay seems to have been a drachma a day until it was cut in half in BC.

This part of the Peloponnese, a peninsula south of Greece, was a strategic wonderment. They made new types of weapons. It also seems that woman had a part in Spartan government too.

Eventually this may have led to the invention of democracy. The use of the paian for attack appears to have Dorian roots. They hold a high reverence for death that they rejoice rather than mourn.

Athens used this silver to build a fleet of ships of a type called triremes.

Spartan Warfare

The Spartan Military Unlike such Greek city-states as Athens, a center for the arts, learning and philosophy, Sparta was centered on a warrior culture. These relationships developed because, when not at war, they had much leisure time.

Although the Spartans had a lot of land, there was an excess amount of people in Sparta. This meant that only few ruled; which meant either the rich or kings ruled.

Spartan Essay

C, the Second Peloponnesian War broke out to see who could gain the most wealth. The entire Spartan army was estimated to be under five thousand men. When the Persian Wars were starting, most of the other Greek states looked at for Sparta for support or recognized they were the most powerful state.

They had many memorable battle as well as many famous heroes and kings. Methods of mistreatment could be far more extreme: A paian was also used on ships to announce the nearness of the enemy. That is why even today, Sparta is revered for its power and legendary status.

Spartan weaponry and tactics are well known because of their effectiveness and power. The rest of the Peloponnese, like Argos and Arcadia, did not like this expansion to much.

What they taught the world was strict military training can create a powerful army.On average, the depth of the phalanx appears to be about eight men deep. During the time of Alexander the Great, the phalanx was believed to be eight men deep, but some argue that it evolved into a sixteen man deep phalanx.

The Greek's fought in the phalanx. A body of heavily armed infantry formed in close deep ranks and files of mass array of people, animals, or objects. The Greeks used young and old men in their battles.4/4(1). What Is War? This Essay What Is War? and other 64,+ term papers, He also felt the Greek way of war instilled them distaste for terrorist, guerrilla, or any irregular who chose to wage war unconventionally, and is unwilling to die on the battlefield in order to kill his enemy.

Essay Paper: Sparta Civilization

The Greek's fought in the phalanx. A body of heavily armed 4/4(1). One of the most effective and enduring military formations in ancient warfare was that of the Greek Phalanx.

The age of the Phalanx may be traced back to Sumeria in the 25th century BCE, through Egypt, and finally appearing in Greek literature through Homer in the 8th century BCE (and, since, has.

May 06,  · Essay Paper: Sparta Civilization. Updated on March 6, they celebrated battles as if they were birthdays or celebrations. For instance, during the Korinthian War, lots of Spartan soldiers died. The people that survived the battle rejoiced as if they had won the battle. it was easily defended.

It was all due to the phalanx and the Reviews: Technology War Ancient Greece Sparta Ancient history Greece Leonidas I Theban hegemony Epaminondas Phalanx formation Thebes, Greece Spartan hegemony Battle of Leuctra This is an Essay / Project Essays / Projects are typically greater than 5 pages in length and are assessments that have been previously submitted by a student for academic grading.

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An essay on spartan war and the phalanx
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